Hernán Cortés

Īhuīcpa Huiquipedia, in yōllōxoxouhqui cēntlamatilizāmoxtli
Īhuīcpa ticholōz: amapanoliztli, Tlatemoliztli
Hernan Cortes

In Hernan Cortes Monroy Pizarro Altamirano, tecpilli itech in Teotlalli itech Oaxaca[1] (tlacatqui ipan Medellin, Tlahtohcayotl itech Castilla, inic 1485 - micqui ipan Castilleja de la Cuesta, Tlahtohcayotl itech Castilla, inic 2 inic tonecallotian inic 1547) yehhuatl catca ce tlalpoloani españatlacatl, in ipan itzin in mahcuilpoalxiuhtiliztli XVI teyacancatic ipan in ohtocaliztli in peuh in tlalpololiztli itech Mexihco ihuan in itzonquizaliz in tlacateuccan mexihcatl, inic quitlalih itzintlan ihuelitiliz in Tlahtohcayotl itech Castilla in tenehualoc Yancuic España.

Tlacat ipan in altepetl Medellin[2], ipan in tlalli españayotl Extremadura[3], ipan in iteihiocuitiliz in ce cencalli ica ahmo ixquich calpampilotl. Quicentlalih quitemoz tlaciuhcayotl ipan in Yancuic Cemanahuatl inic ohtoca in ompa La Española ihuan Cuba, in canon ipampa ce nalquizani xeliuhcayotl itech cahuitl yehhuatl catca topileh itech inic ome altepetl tlanelhuayotilli intechpa in españatlacah ipan inon apantlalli. Inic 1519 tenehualoc teachcauh itech inic yei ohtocaliztli in ompa tlalli tepitztic, in tlein quipahtiotih ahmo cenquizca. Iahtetlazohtlaliz ica in tecuexanoani itech Cuba, Diego Velazquez itech Cuellar, ipan quichiuh in itlaxitiniliz in ohtocaliztli ipan in tlaquizcayotl cahuitl, ce nahuatilli in Cortes quicentopeuh.

Inic ahcito in ompa hueyitlalli, Cortes quineltilih ce mahcehualtilizoh tlaihmatiliztli in quimmoicniuhtiz in tlamanalhuiltin necentlaliliztin tlalquixtianimeh inic quipoloz in oc cequintin. Yequeneh quimoyecoltih ce cihuatl tlalquixtiani, in cihuapilli Marina (in Malintzin), in quitlayecoltih in iuh tlahtolmelahuani ihuan in aquin itloc quimixihuitih ce tepilzin. In ihcoac in tecuexanoani itech Cuba quintitlan titlantin inic quimomaltiz in Cortes, in yehhuatl quimixcuah ihuan quimpoloh, in oquic quihcuiloh in teyaochiuhcayotl in yaya inic quicuauhtzacuaz in iuh tepalehuiliztli ipan iohtocaliz. Cortes quihualih ixachi amatlahcuilolli in tlahtoani Carlos I ipal ca huelittoni imahcehualtiliz itech tlalpololiztli achto ca tzacuiltiloz ipampa inecomoniliz. Iccen macoc in tepantlazaliztli inic Tecpilli itech Teotlalli itech Oaxaca, mahcihui in tlapanahuia in ic tenyoh tepantlazaliztli inic Tlahtohcateixiptla macoc ce pilli ica hueyi ipan huetziliztli, Antonio de Mendoza ihuan Pacheco. Inic 1541, Cortes mocuep in ompa España, in canon omic chicuace xihuit zatepan, inic quihuilana iyollohtonehualiz.

Tlacatiliztli ihuan telpochyotl[Ticpatlaz | Ticpatlaz itzintiliz]

Yehhuatl catca in zan ce inconeuh in tecpampilli extremaduratlacatl, tlatocayotilli Martin Cortes Monroy ihuan in Catalina Pizarro Altamirano. Hernan Cortes huehcapa yehhuatl yeya icotonca in Francisco Pizarro, in zatepan tlalpoloh itech in tlacateuccan incayotl.[4] Iuhqui occequintin tecpampiltin, itahtzin quiuh ica mahtlactli on nahui xihuitl in quimomachtiz tenahuatilli ipan Salamanca, altepetl in quicauh ome xihuitl zatepan, neihcuanilli ipampa ineixpetzoliz itech ohtlatocaliztli. Inin nemachtiliztli tenemachitiani ihuan in machiliztli tehuelnemitiani itech lin tenahuatilli in tlaixahxicaittlac ipan inemachtiliz itloc ce tlamachiyoanani ipan Valladolid oquitopeuh in tlahtlaquetzalli in itech Cortes quimomachtih ltenahuatilli ipan in Hueyitlamachtilcalli itech Salamanca.[5] Zatepan cequih neyehyecoliztli tlanenchiuhtli, centlapal, inic macalaquiz in ompa Las Indias, ihuan, oc centlapal, inic tlaicneliz ipan in iohtocaliz in Gonzalo Fernandez itech Cordoba ipan Italia, iccen, ipan in xopantlah inic 1504, acalco ehuac in ompa in apantlalli La Española, in canon mocallotih in iuh milleh ihuan tlacepanyecoltiani analco tlallotl. Tel, monec in mocuepaz in ompa España, yehica inic 29 inic [Mētztli (cāhuitl)|tochihchinahuian] inic 1506 itahtzin quipahtiotih in pahtiotl itech itlacalaquil in ompa Santo Domingo ipan in nao San Juan Bautista, iaxca in Luis Fernandez Alfaro.[6]

Nemanepanoliztli ihuan tetech quizaliztli[Ticpatlaz | Ticpatlaz itzintiliz]

Tecuacuilli itech Hernan Cortes ipan in Tlamachiyotiliztli itech Indias itech Sevilla.

Hernan Cortes momanepanoh oppa ihuan quintlacatiliz mahtlactli once ipilhuan tlaneltililtin ipan chicuace teahciliztli centlamanquizqui. In inic ce icihuauh, in cihuapilli Catalina Juarez Marcaida, mic zatepan macuilli xihuitl itech nemanepanoliztli tetzicatl inic ce inic totlanacayotiayan inic 1522, ipan ichtacayoh tlachihualiztli.[7] Yeheppa ihuan inoc inin nemanepanoliztli, Cortes quimotlacatilih mahcuilli ipilhuan ahmo nemanepanolizotl:[8]

Tlamachioanaliztli itech ce tlatlapalhuiliztli itech Hernan Cortes tlaneltililli ipan in mahcuilpohualxiuhtiliztli XIX itechpa in tlatlapalhuiani mexihcatl Jose Salome Pina. Museo del Prado, Madrid.
  • In Catalina Pizarro, tlacatqui inic 1514 nozo inic 1515 ipan Santiago itech Cuba, ahnozo quintepan ipan in Yancuic España. In inantzin yehhuatl catca Leonor Pizarro, hueliyoh ihuilteca in Cortes. Nelihtoloc intloc iteiccahuan Martin ihuan Luis ipan ce itetlacoliliz hueyiteopixcayotl in Clemente VII inic 1529.
  • In Martin Cortes (in Chictlapanqui), tlacatqui ipan Coyohuahcan inic 1522. In inantzin yehhuatl catca in Malintzin, in itetlancatcauh ihuan itlatlahtolcuepcauh tlalquixtiani in Cortes. Nelihtoloc intloc in iteiccahuan Catalina ihuan Luis ipan ce itetlacoliliz hueyiteopixcayotl in Clemente VII inic 1529.
  • In Luis Cortes —tlacatqui inic 1525— yehhuatl ipiltzin in españatlacatl Antonia nozo Elvira Hermosillo, ihuan in noihuan nelihtoloz intloc Martin ihuan Catalina. Momanepanoh itloc in cihuapilli Guiomar Vazquez itech Escobar, imach in tlalpoloani Bernardino Vazquez itech Tapia.
  • In Leonor Cortes ihuan Moctezuma, tlacatqui inic 1528 in Altepetl Mexihco. Yehhuatl yeya icihuaconeuhtzin in Tecuichpo nozo Ichcaxochitl, in cuaatequiloni ica in tocatzintli cihuapilli Isabel itech Moctezuma, no ihuih, icihuaconeuhtzin in Moctezuma II. Tlacualancaittalli itechpa inantzin niman in tlacatiliztli, yehhuatl catca itahtzin in quixihmachtilih zatepan. Momanepanoh itloc in euskaditlacatl Juan itech Tolosa, tlalpoloani itech Zacatecas.
  • Maria Cortes, icihuaconeuhtzin in ce tlahtocacihuapilli mexihcatl in itocatzin ahmo macho. Bernal Díaz del Castillo quitenehua in tlacat ica cequih tlacanextiliztli.

Inic tohuemmanayan inic 1528[9] Cortes onahcic inic ome nemanepanoliztli itloc in cihuapilli Juana Ramirez itech Arellano itech Zuñiga, icihuaconeuhtzin in ololiuhqui itech Aguilar ihuan imachtzin in Teahuayoh itech Bejar. In cihuapilli Juana mocallotih ipan in caltzacualli itech Cuauhnahuac, inic nemi ipan in tecpanchantli calchiuhtli inic 1526.[10] Itech inin nemanepanoliztli tlacatqueh chicuace tepilhuan:

  • Luis Cortes ihuan Ramirez itech Arellano, tlacatqui ipan Texoco inic 1530 ihuan micqui achi zatepan in tlacatiz.
  • Catalina Cortes itech Zuñiga, tlacatqui ipan Cuauhnahuac inic 1531 ihuan micqui achi zatepan in tlacatiz.
  • Martin Cortes ihuan Ramirez itech Arellano, tlacatqui ipan Cuauhnahuac inic 1532. Itetoquilihcauh in itahztin in iuh tecpilli itech in Teotlalli itech Oaxaca.
  • Maria Cortes itech Zuñiga, tlacatqui ipan Cuauhnahuac itzalan inic 1533 ihuan inic1536. Itahtzin oquinecuiloaya inemanepanoliz itloc Alvar Perez Osorio, ipiltzin in tecpilli itech Astorga, tel, in yehhuantin quixitinihqueh iccen, inic ipan quichihua ce teihzahuih nezomaliztli in Cortes, in itech no mopihpiqui ipan oquichiuh in cohcoliztli in itech miqui. Zatepan Maria momanepanoh itloc Luis itech Quiñones, inic mahcuilli ololiuhqui itech Metztli.
  • Catalina Cortes itech Zuñiga, tlacatqui ipan Cuauhnahuac itzalan inic 1533 ihuan inic 1536. Micqui in ahmo tenamic ipan Sevilla zatepan in miquiz itahtzin.
  • Juana Cortes itech Zuñiga, tlacatqui ipan Cuauhnahuac itzalan inic 1533 ihuan inic 1536. Monepanoh inic 1564 itloc in pilli Fernando Enriquez itech Ribera, inic ome teahuayoh itech Alcala.

Machiztli teyaochiuhcayotl[Ticpatlaz | Ticpatlaz itzintiliz]

Cuba[Ticpatlaz | Ticpatlaz itzintiliz]

Inic 1511 tlacnelih ipan in ohtocaliztli itech tlalpololiztli itech Cuba tlaachcauhtilli itechpa in tecuexanoani Diego itech Velazquez, in aquitechpa quimcelih milli ihuan tlacohtin ipan in apantlalli. Onahcic tenehualoz topileh itech Santiago itech Cuba, mahcihui zatepan cuauhtzacualoc itechpa in tecuexanoani, tlateilhuilli in tetlapiquiz ihuic in yehhuatl. Tlamaquixtilli, momanepanoh itloc in ihuehpoltzin in inohmah Diego Velazquez, in itoca Catalina Juárez.


Nō xiquitta[Ticpatlaz | Ticpatlaz itzintiliz]